Hints for entering answers in WeBWork

*Source: http://www.math.uwo.ca/~shafikov/teaching/winter2006/081/hw/howto_enter_answers.html*

#### Mathematical Symbols Available in WeBWorK

**Multiplication may also be indicated by a space or juxtaposition**, that is, just writing symbols next to each other, e.g. \[2x, 2\mbox{ }x , 2*x, \mbox{ or } 2(x).\] To be on the safe side, you might wish to always use * for multiplication.

#### Syntax for entering expressions

Be careful entering expressions just as you would be careful entering expressions in a calculator. Sometimes using the * symbol to indicate multiplication makes things easier to read. For example \[(1+2)*(3+4) \mbox{ and } (1+2)(3+4)\] are both valid.

**Use brackets, braces and parenthesis** to make your meaning clear.

**Be careful when entering functions.** It's always good practice to use parentheses when entering functions.

But WeBWorK is smart enough to accept sin t or even sint. But sin 2t is really sin(2)t, i.e. (sin(2))*t. Be careful.

**Be careful entering powers of trigonometric, and other, functions.**

**Things in parentheses are always done first**. Next all exponents are taken, then functions are evaluated. You might remember:

PEMDAS - parentheses, exponents, multiplication/division, additions/subtraction

Remember that multiplication and division have the same precedence and there are no universal rules as to which should be done first in the absence of paretheses. WeBWorK and many computers read things from left to right, so \[ 2/3*4 \mbox{ means } (2/3)*4=8/3.\]

*The only way to make sure that you are entering what you want to enter is the use of parentheses!!!*

Use the "Preview Button" to see exactly how your entry looks. E.g. to tell the difference between 1+2/3+4 and [1+2]/[3+4] click the "Preview Button".

If a problem calls for a decimal answer, give at least four decimal digits, or as many as the problem specifies, or the exact answer. For example, write 3.14159 instead of 3.14, or simply pi.

#### Intervals in WeBWorK

What is the domain of f(x)=sqrt(x)? The answer is x>=0 (x is greater than or equal to 0). One way to enter this in WeBWorK is in interval notation: [0,infinity).

#### Other intervals:

#### Scientific Notation Available In WeBWorK

2.1E2 gives 210 2.1E-2 gives .021#### Cube roots and such

x^(1/3) gives the cube root of x

#### Mathematical Functions Available In WeBWorK

#### Using Interval Notation

(Source: webwork.uwyo.edu/webworkdocs/IntervalNotation.html)- If an endpoint is included, then use
`[`or`]`. If not, then use`(`or`)`. For example, the interval from -3 to 7 that includes 7 but not -3 is expressed`(-3,7]`.

- For infinite intervals, use
`Inf`or`infinity`for ∞ (infinity) and/or`-Inf`or`-infinity`for -∞ (-Infinity). For example, the infinite interval containing all points greater than or equal to 6 is expressed`[6,Inf)`.

- If the set includes more than one interval, they are joined using the union
symbol U. For example, the set consisting of all points in (-3,7] together with all points in [-8,-5) is expressed
`[-8,-5)U(-3,7]`

.

- If the answer is the empty set, you can specify that by using
braces with nothing inside:
`{ }`

- You can use
`R`

as a shorthand for all real numbers. So, it is equivalent to entering`(-Inf, Inf)`

.

- You can use set difference notation. So, for all real numbers
except 3, you can use
`R-{3}`

or`(-Inf, 3)U(3,Inf)`

(they are the same). Similarly,`[1,10)-{3,4}`

is the same as`[1,3)U(3,4)U(4,10)`

.

- WeBWorK will
**not**interpret`[2,4]U[3,5]`as equivalent to`[2,5]`, unless a problem tells you otherwise. All sets should be expressed in their simplest interval notation form, with no overlapping intervals.